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Multi-Boot avec ubuntu

Forum informatique > Aide GNU/Linux > Multi-Boot avec ubuntu

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juninho

Avatar de juninho
10 messages
Barrette de RAM
Barrette de RAM

Lien direct Le 15 Août 2008 à 13h35

Bonjour

Je suis en train de tenter pour le FUN, d'installer 5 Os sur mon PC grâce aux licences MSDN de Microsoft.

Il n'y à aucun intérêt, mais bon !

J'ai donc installer dans l'odre suivant :

XP ==> XP 64 ==> vista ==> Vista 64 ==> Ubuntu

Maintenant au démarrage, j'ai GRUB qui me laisse le choix entre ubuntu et ces versions récovery et le Vista Boot loader.

Pour lancer un OS Microsoft, je dois choisir Vista, puis le "vista" concerner.

Mais pour lancer XP ou XP64, je choisi "Vista boot loader" ( peut être pas exactement ce terme), puis Earlier windows version qui enfin me laisse le choix entre XP et XP64 !

********************************************************************************
****************************
Voici mon fichier menu.lst

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 10

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro

## Setup crashdump menu entries
## e.g. crashdump=1
# crashdump=0

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,7)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda1
title Windows Vista/Longhorn (loader)
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1
*****************************************************************************

Voici le résultat de FDISk:

Disque /dev/sda: 750.1 Go, 750156374016 octets
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders
Units = cylindres of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Identifiant disque: 0x40aa40a9

Périphérique Amorce Début Fin Blocs Id Système
/dev/sda1 * 1 19122 153597433+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 19123 91201 578974567+ f W95 Etendu (LBA)
/dev/sda5 19123 38244 153597433+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda6 38245 63741 204800000 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda7 63741 89238 204800000 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda8 89239 90818 12691318+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda9 90819 91201 3076416 82 Linux swap / Solaris

********************************************************************************
***

Quelles sont les modifications à apporter pour avoir au démarrage l'ensemble des OS installer ?

Ensuite:


Bon, j'ai fait les modifs, et j'obtient ceci comme fichier:

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 10

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro

## Setup crashdump menu entries
## e.g. crashdump=1
# crashdump=0

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,7)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=1b29ed8e-8f1b-4f44-88f9-ffb3488cfafc ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
root (hd0,7)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda1
title Windows Vista/Longhorn (loader)
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1

title Windows XP
root (hd0,4)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1


title Windows Vista
root (hd0,5)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1

title Windows Vista x64
root (hd0,6)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1

Les noms Vista, Vistax64 et XP apparaissent bien mais donne une erreur:

Erreur 12: Invalid device requested

Je cherche de mon coté... également

Va falloir trouver un Truc pour zapper le loader de vista et tout faire booter via GRUB

Est ce possible ?

Merci

 

Publicité

StyphaX

Avatar de StyphaX
344 messages
Processeur
Processeur

Lien direct Le 17 Août 2008 à 18h47

Salut, je ne comprends pas très bien ce que tu veuxClin d'oeilSi j'avais été toi, j'aurai conservé le MBR de Vista et ajouté une entrée pour Linux au lieu de mettre GRUB et de rajouter vista et XPSourire (au moins tu peux virer la partoche de Linux sans devoir restaurer la MBR de Vista ensuite)

Mais vu comme tu as fais, je ne sais pas trop quoi te dire.
De mémoire, GRUB n'est pas capable de boter sur vista par défaut. (et c'est écris dans la doc d'ubuntu en plus)

Donc le mieux: désinstalles GRUB, boote sur le dvd de vista, restaure le MBR, puis inscrit une entrée pour Ubuntu et hop:-P

Tuto: http://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/tutoriel/comme ... ec_bootmgr

 

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Forum informatique > Aide GNU/Linux > Multi-Boot avec ubuntu